# How Does Excel Calculate Exact Match?

## How does the match formula work in Excel?

The MATCH function searches for a specified item in a range of cells, and then returns the relative position of that item in the range.

For example, if the range A1:A3 contains the values 5, 25, and 38, then the formula =MATCH(25,A1:A3,0) returns the number 2, because 25 is the second item in the range..

## How do I do an exact match using Vlookup in Excel?

In its simplest form, the VLOOKUP function says: =VLOOKUP(What you want to look up, where you want to look for it, the column number in the range containing the value to return, return an Approximate or Exact match – indicated as 1/TRUE, or 0/FALSE).

## How use Vlookup step by step?

How to use VLOOKUP in ExcelStep 1: Organize the data. … Step 2: Tell the function what to lookup. … Step 3: Tell the function where to look. … Step 4: Tell Excel what column to output the data from. … Step 5: Exact or approximate match.

## Does one cell equal another Excel?

If you have two lists that should be identical, but you suspect they might not be, you can put in a simple formula that sets one cell equal to another. If they are not equal, Excel returns the value FALSE. If they are, Excel returns the value TRUE.

## How do you find exact match in Excel?

Both VLOOKUP and MATCH will simply return the first match, ignoring case. However, if you need to do a case-sensitive lookup, you can do so with an array formula that uses INDEX, MATCH, and the EXACT function. This formula is an array formula and must be entered with Control + Shift + Enter.

## Why do we use 0 in Vlookup?

The zero is actually in the ‘Range Lookup’ part of the formula, it should be ‘TRUE’ or ‘FALSE’ depending if you want to look up for an exact match. False looks for an exact match, true does not.

## What is the difference between Xlookup and Vlookup?

XLOOKUP requires referencing fewer cells. VLOOKUP required you to input an entire data set, but XLOOKUP only requires you to reference the relevant columns or rows. By referencing fewer cells, the XLOOKUP will increase your spreadsheet calculation speed and potentially result in fewer circular reference errors.

## What is Vlookup formula in Excel?

VLOOKUP is an Excel function to look up data in a table organized vertically. VLOOKUP supports approximate and exact matching, and wildcards (* ?) for partial matches. … The matched value from a table. =VLOOKUP (value, table, col_index, [range_lookup]) value – The value to look for in the first column of a table.

## Does Vlookup have to be exact match?

In this case, the lookup value is the the sales number in column C. As always with VLOOKUP, the lookup value must appear in the left-most column of the table, because VLOOKUP only looks to the right. … If set to zero or FALSE, VLOOKUP will require an exact match.

## How do I match two lists in Excel?

A Ridiculously easy and fun way to compare 2 listsSelect cells in both lists (select first list, then hold CTRL key and then select the second)Go to Conditional Formatting > Highlight Cells Rules > Duplicate Values.Press ok.There is nothing do here. Go out and play!Jul 1, 2010

## Is Vlookup better than index match?

With sorted data and an approximate match, INDEX-MATCH is about 30% faster than VLOOKUP. With sorted data and a fast technique to find an exact match, INDEX-MATCH is about 13% faster than VLOOKUP. … If you use VLOOKUP you must look up the same SKU for each column of information you need.

## What refers to the exact match of the word with the cell in MS Excel?

MATCH is an Excel function used to locate the position of a lookup value in a row, column, or table. … lookup_array – A range of cells or an array reference. match_type – [optional] 1 = exact or next smallest (default), 0 = exact match, -1 = exact or next largest.

## How do you write an IF THEN formula in Excel?

Use the IF function, one of the logical functions, to return one value if a condition is true and another value if it’s false. For example: =IF(A2>B2,”Over Budget”,”OK”) =IF(A2=B2,B4-A4,””)

## What is an exact formula?

The Microsoft Excel EXACT function compares two strings and returns TRUE if both values are the same. … It can be used as a worksheet function (WS) in Excel. As a worksheet function, the EXACT function can be entered as part of a formula in a cell of a worksheet.

## Why is my exact formula not working?

Cause: The cell is formatted as Text, which causes Excel to ignore any formulas. … Fix: Change the format of the cell(s) to General or some other format. However, the formulas still won’t start working until you force Excel to reconsider the content. You can do this in one of two ways.

## Is the exact function in Excel case-sensitive?

The function helps to test if two or more than two supplied text strings or values are exactly equal and, if so, returns TRUE. Otherwise, it returns FALSE. The EXACT function is case-sensitive.